General Information of Nepal

Nepal is a Himalayan blessed with an amazing diversity of geography, people, plants and wildlife, making it one of the most exciting destinations in the world for trekking enthusiasts. A narrow, rectangular country wedged between the Indian subcontinent and the Tibetan plateau of China, it is only about a hundred miles wide and 500 miles long. Yet within Nepal's borders lie eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, bestowing it with awe-inspiring vistas all along its northern border.

Swift rivers rush down from the snow-capped peaks, flowing through the hills and medieval towns and valleys before meandering slowly into the steamy jungles of the Terai on the border of India with its abundant wildlife. Within less than 100 miles, altitudes rise from sea - level in the south to the world’s highest mountain range, the Great Himalaya that includes Mt. Everest, in the north. Not surprisingly, Nepal contains a breathtaking bio-diversity in terms of in its wide variety of exotic animals, birds, plants as well as its numerous ethnic peoples each with its own history, traditions, religion, cultural heritage, and often, language.

Trekking is one of the best ways to experience the spectacular natural beauty and rich heritage of Nepal. With only a handful of roads, the country is ideally explored on foot-along ancient trade routes and trails that link villages and towns. Traveling over the landscape in this fashion, just as the local people do, provides the most rewarding way to gain insight into the ancient cultures and untamed landscapes of this magical land. The Nepal Himalaya has always been known as "the abode of the Gods". Many of the primordial history, religion, culture and tradition as well as legends and myths emanate from the awesome Himalaya.

The Nepal Himalaya harbors many holy temple and shrines, monasteries and sacred lakes in the wilderness and remote parts of the region. These sites are frequently visited by pilgrims. It is a land of piety and stillness. The Himalayas is the youngest and highest mountain chain on earth. A full third of its stretches - the formidable Great Himalayan Range of 800 km. Lies within the Nepal Himalaya. It has convergence of 1310 magnificent peaks of 6000 meters, including 8 of the world's highest 14 peaks of 8000 meters. Nestling in the rain shadows of these unique vistas of soaring summits unravel a profusion of lofty foothills, the home of the many Nepalese who delight in warm hospitality and friendship.

These verdant terraced hill meander down to lush green valleys with turbulent rivers and to the tropical lowland and jungles teeming with countless wildlife. In this immensely diverse and undulating topography, varied climate and mix of people Nepal combines to produce a magical attraction for outsiders. Many foreign visitors come to trek one or more beautiful trekking regions. To trek, one does not have to be bizarre, neither a mountaineer nor a athlete. Anyone with a pair of strong legs and the spirit for adventure to explore the exotic will enjoy the thrills of trekking in the hills of Nepal. Walking in the interior of the country follows ancient foot trails which meander through the scenic river banks, intricately terraced fields and the forested ridges connecting picturesque hamlets and mountain villages. These highly developed and well defined trails have been used for centuries and are the hive of activities to come in contact with the locals.

For visitors on extended holidays and with less restraint, there is an even more varied spectrum of adventure - be it rafting on the sparkling rivers, safaris in the jungles, trekking to explore deeper into the alpine valley with perpetual snow and glistering glaciers. The more intrepid traveler may venture further up to scale any of the 18 minor trekking peaks.

Nepal offers an astonishing topographical variation with the altitude ranging from 70 meters to 8848 meters amidst a width of 193 kilometers. Similarly, within its limited area and bounds, Nepal enjoys al the climates with alpine, temperate and the tropical jungle regions determined by its incredible altitude variation. 

For visitors on extended holiday and with less restraints there is an even more varied spectrum of adventure be it TREKKING the subtropical rain forest to the highland alpine regions altitude from 67 meter to above 6110 meter Sherpani Col. The highest pass in Nepal. MOUNTAINEERING, the lows peaks 5500 meter Yala Peak to 8848 meter Mt Everest / (Chomolungma) RAFTING, on the sparkling rivers the rapids are graded on a scale of one to six depending on how wild the rivers.

National Flag:- Nepal’s flag is the only two-piece, national flag in the world
National Animal:- Cow
National Flower:- Rhododendron & Arboreum (Lali Gurans)
National Bird:- Impean Pheasant (Denfe)

Area & Climate
Area: 147181 sq. km
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India in the South
Latitude: 26`12 and 30`27 north
Longitude: 80`4 and 88`12 east
Topography: The deepest gorge in the world Kali-gandaki River and Highest point Chomolungma / Sagarmatha / Mt Everest 8848 Meters
Vegetation: Per the size of the country out standing bio-diversity in the world ranging from sub-tropical Rain - forests to Alpine deserts.
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical the low lands to Arctic in to the higher altitudes
Capital: Kathmandu
Population: 24 Million
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Language: National Language is Nepali
Political System: Multi-party Democracy
Religion: There is a harmonious blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.

Climate: Nepal has four major seasons Namely

  1. Winter: December – February
  2. Spring: March – May
  3. Summer: June – August
  4. Autumn: September – November